The procedure involves clipping the cystic artery and the cystic duct, then peeling the gall bladder off the liver bed. But this carries the risk of injury to the main bile ducts, which can lead to serious post-operative problems and a generally poorer outcome.
In defence, health authorities point to the fact that the rate of bile duct injury is about 0.3% and is therefore treated as a ‘recognised risk’. However, this does not prevent a finding of negligence in a significant number of cases.
Bile duct injuries alone are unlikely to give rise to a claim, but injuries to major vessels such as aorta and other major arteries can result in fatal haemorrhage. If your injury extends this far then there is a strong chance of pursuing a successful claim.